Technologies > Life Cycle Analysis

Life Cycle Analysis
Life cycle analysis:

 Land Administration (defined by the UN/ECE as the process of determining, recording and disseminating information about ownership, value and use of land, when implementing land management policies) (UN, 1996) includes processes of land registration, cadastre, valuation and land inventory. Every country in the world pursues these activities in one form or another (UN, 2001) to sustain these land resources.

 Resources that are linked to nature are many fold - land is the most abundant natural resource which provides all such natural minerals. Efficient and beneficial exploitation of natural mineral resources provides an important part of the economies of many countries, both in the developing and in the developed world. It is in this context, a life cycle analysis of mineral usage aided by cadastral administration can lead to identification of resource exploitation and finding of abatement costs due to each such mineral exploitation from a piece of land.

 Defined by ISO 14040.2 Draft: Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Guidelines-“Life cycle analysis (LCA) is a technique to assess the environmental aspects and potential impacts associated with a product, process, or service, by compiling an inventory of relevant energy and material inputs and environmental releases, evaluating the potential environmental impacts associated with identified inputs and releases, interpreting the results to help you make a more informed decision.” Land administration or proper land management practices dictates the rate at which a land can be exploited for the extraction of several mineral resources.

 A cradle to grave analysis that gives leads to identifying the extraction of all those mineral resources to the extent of their usage can be linked to identify the pollution levels each such mineral can contribute. For example using iron ore as a resource in steel industry entails severe land mining as a start of resource exploitation and this iron ore during its usage can lead to pollution due to industrial usage of the ore for steel production.

 Life cycle data as part of cadastral information leads to identification and understanding the technical and institutional elements of land resource usage. Further it can be used to analyse the impact of such resource usage on environment and measures to reduce environmental degradation. Measures of individual exploitation similar to “neo colonialism” can be identified and minimised proportionally to the rate of environmental degradation due to such resource exploitation and this leads to better environmental management practices. 

The relationship between property rights, sustainable development and environmental management has been clearly enunciated in the 1992 World Development Report titled "Development and the Environment" (World Bank, 1992). First it establishes the relationship between environmental management and development: "The protection of the environment is an essential part of development. Without adequate environmental protection, development is undermined; without development, resources will be inadequate for needed investments, and environmental protection will fail." By identifying the developing a theoretical analogy of using Life cycle analysis data for building a mining digital cadastre for a secure mineral rights system, this paper attempts to show the role of Life cycle assessment combined with cadastral administration for a better environmental sustainability.

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